Arthritis is an inflammatory disease of the joints. It may affect one joint continuously or multiple joints simultaneously. There are over 100 different kinds of arthritis, each with different etiologies, treatment protocols and symptoms. Two of the commonest kinds are rheumatoid arthritis or osteoarthritis and septic arthritis or seborrheic dermatitis.
The most common form of arthritis is Osteoarthritis, which affects elderly people. Symptoms include pain, swelling, stiffness, and limitation of movements. Complaints with Osteoarthritis may be due to age, aging wear and tear or inflammation and infection of the joints; however, other causes such as heredity, gout, infections, trauma, autoimmune disorders, psychosomatic syndromes and other unknown reasons are also common. The wearing down of cartilage and destruction of surrounding bones that results in a softened cartilage surface makes it susceptible to friction injuries. This causes severe pain and stiffness in the joint. Prolonged standing and excessive weight loss, joint stress and sitting and standing postures are some of the lifestyle changes that may aggravate Osteoarthritis.
A patient suffering from Osteoarthritis has to undergo a series of screening test and microscopic examination of tissue and joint samples to identify the source of the pain and its severity. In certain cases, MRI may also be required for faster diagnosis and better medication. Medications for treating Osteoarthritis are taken according to the severity of symptoms boca.
Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease that affects the protective cartilage and the lining of the internal organs like the kidneys, stomach, intestines, bladder, and heart. The immune system of this condition attacks the body’s own healthy tissues resulting in damage to the cartilage. Excessive weight, lack of exercise and stress can cause this disease. Symptoms include joint pains, swelling, stiffness, tenderness and redness in the affected area. When the arthritis progresses beyond the early stages, the cartilage is no longer able to absorb shock and the tissues become fragile.
Osteoarthritis causes a lot of discomfort to the patient. However, there are effective treatments available. The doctor may suggest the use of oral medications along with physical therapy and exercise for the patients. Physical therapy relieves the patient from pain and tightens the damaged cartilage. Over the long term, the bones fail to heal properly and they develop osteoporosis.
Systemic Lupus erythematosus is another common form of arthritis. It is an autoimmune disease that causes abnormal immune system attacks on the tissues. It affects the musculoskeletal system and the central nervous system. Other than rheumatoid arthritis, it also affects various forms of cancers.
Osteoarthritis is difficult to diagnose initially. The symptoms often resemble those of other diseases like diabetes or influenza. As the disease progresses, certain changes in the joint surface and the cartilage itself may be observed. This makes it difficult to treat osteoarthritis effectively. The treatment for this involves medicinal manipulation of the joint.
However, some patients with arthritis show no symptoms at all. In such cases, Ayurveda helps in reducing the inflammation, pain and stiffness caused by the disease. This system promotes healing by improving the immune system and reduces fatigue. It also helps in maintaining mental and physical well being of a person. There are several Ayurvedic medicines which can be used to treat common symptoms of arthritis.
One of the most common Ayurvedic medicines which can be used to treat arthritis is Triphala Guggulu. It improves the quality of the cartilage tissues, making them stronger. It improves the strength of the bones as well as the tissues surrounding the bones. It stops the deterioration of the tissues and improves the elasticity of the bones and tissues.
Hot and cold packs can also be used effectively in case of arthritis. A lot of stress and tension is caused to the joints, which increase the inflammation. The application of hot and cold packs around the affected area relieves the pain and swelling caused by arthritis.
It is important for people with arthritis to maintain a healthy weight. Being overweight leads to further damage to the joints and makes it difficult for the patient to move. The best way to control the pain and swelling of the disease is to follow a healthy diet. Avoiding foods that are high in cholesterol and saturated fat can help in controlling the disease. If the patient has an iron deficiency, he or she should take in plenty of vitamin B12 and Vitamin C to prevent further damage to the joints.